What is Hemoglobin A1C test?
If you have diabetes, I’m sure you’ve had – or are about to have – a set of blood tests. One of these tests is the Hemoglobin A1C test that every patient must do. so, what is it?
The Hemoglobin A1C test measures the proportion of red blood cell molecules containing glucose in the bloodstream. Now, I realize that none of this makes sense until you understand the meaning of all these words.
Hemoglobin A is a protein in red blood cells that is used to transport oxygen from the lungs to the rest of the body. When glucose molecules combine with hemoglobin A in the bloodstream, the A1C molecule is created. following me? Hassan. Now here is the kicker: The higher the glucose in the bloodstream, the A1C molecules are created by the hemoglobin. right? right. Now that we understand this part, we can move to what the Hemoglobin A1C test measures.
The A1C test measures the percentage of hemoglobin A1C molecules formed in the bloodstream. If you have tested A1C and the result is 5, the 5% of hemoglobin A in the bloodstream has stuck to glucose and become A1C hemoglobin. Logical? In other words, if your A1C is 5, the 5% hemoglobin in the bloodstream is A1C hemoglobin. For those with diabetes, it is suggested that we try to maintain the A1C at or below 7 percent. It is also suggested by the American Diabetes Association to repeat the A1C test every three months to check the consistency.
The American Diabetes Association (ADA) recommends using A1C tests to help diagnose diabetes, type 1, and type 2 diabetes.Doctors also use A1C tests to monitor diabetes treatment plans.If A1C levels are too high, blood sugar levels are too high. Lower blood sugar levels will reduce the A1C ratio of the person.